Official Discussion issued by the National Hurricane Center

Tammy (AL202023) DATA RELEASED: 10/25/2023 3:00:00 AM UTC

Copy of official data

Hurricane Tammy Discussion Number  27
NWS National Hurricane Center Miami FL       AL202023
1100 PM AST Tue Oct 24 2023

Satellite data indicate Tammy has strengthened tonight. Deep 
convection has increased near and over the center of the hurricane 
during the past several hours, resulting in a cold and expanding 
central dense overcast with intermittent glimpses of a ragged eye. 
Recent SSMIS and GMI passive microwave images show a tighter inner 
core compared to earlier today, with a mid-level eyewall that mostly 
wraps around the center. The subjective Dvorak estimates from SAB 
and TAFB have risen to T4.5/77 kt and T4.0/65 kt, respectively, with 
similar increases in the various UW-CIMSS objective estimates. Thus, 
the initial intensity is raised to 75 kt for this advisory.

Despite strengthening upper-level winds over Tammy, increasing 
upper-level divergence associated with a deep-layer trough over the 
western Atlantic could support some additional intensification in 
the near term, as shown by the GFS and some of the regional models. 
Given recent trends, the updated NHC intensity forecast is raised at 
12-24 h to account for this potential. Then, Tammy is expected to 
merge with a cold front currently analyzed to the northwest of the 
hurricane. This extratropical transition is forecast to be completed 
by 36 h, with an expansion of Tammy's wind field as it becomes a 
hurricane-force extratropical cyclone. Thereafter, the global models 
show the frontal cyclone weakening through the rest of the period. 
There is some potential it could shed its frontal structure this 
weekend, but for now the model-simulated satellite imagery does not 
show much increase in convection during that time. 

Tammy is moving northeastward (50 degrees/8 kt) within the flow 
between a deep-layer trough over the western Atlantic and a 
subtropical ridge over the central Atlantic. Tammy is expected to 
turn northward during the next day or so as it becomes captured by 
the upper trough. The updated NHC forecast lies slightly right of 
the previous one in the first 24 h, mostly based on the more 
northeastward initial position. Then, the cyclone is forecast to 
move more slowly northwestward in 2-3 days within weaker steering 
currents. The long-range track forecast is highly uncertain, with 
diverging global and ensemble model solutions that move the 
shallower cyclone in opposite directions. Given the above-average 
uncertainty, it seems prudent to make little change to this portion 
of the track forecast at this time.


INIT  25/0300Z 24.9N  60.7W   75 KT  85 MPH
12H  25/1200Z 26.1N  59.9W   85 KT 100 MPH
24H  26/0000Z 28.1N  59.1W   80 KT  90 MPH
36H  26/1200Z 29.6N  59.7W   70 KT  80 MPH...POST-TROP/EXTRATROP
48H  27/0000Z 30.5N  60.9W   60 KT  70 MPH...POST-TROP/EXTRATROP
60H  27/1200Z 30.9N  61.8W   55 KT  65 MPH...POST-TROP/EXTRATROP
72H  28/0000Z 31.3N  62.7W   50 KT  60 MPH...POST-TROP/EXTRATROP
96H  29/0000Z 31.4N  63.6W   45 KT  50 MPH...POST-TROP/EXTRATROP
120H  30/0000Z 31.0N  64.5W   40 KT  45 MPH...POST-TROP/EXTRATROP

Forecaster Reinhart