Official Discussion issued by the National Hurricane Center

Tammy (AL202023) DATA RELEASED: 10/18/2023 9:00:00 PM UTC

Copy of official data

Tropical Storm Tammy Discussion Number   1
NWS National Hurricane Center Miami FL       AL202023
500 PM AST Wed Oct 18 2023

The tropical disturbance that NHC has been monitoring for many days 
as it traversed the tropical Atlantic (AL94) has finally become 
sufficiently organized, both convectively and circulation-wise, to 
be designated as a tropical cyclone.  The circulation still appears 
a bit elongated in visible satellite images, but the convective 
activity suggests that a well-defined center has formed.  Earlier 
scatterometer data showed winds of 30-35 kt to the northeast of the 
center, and TAFB provided a Dvorak estimate of T2.5/35 kt.  
Therefore, advisories are being initiated on Tropical Storm Tammy, 
with an initial intensity of 35 kt.

The initial motion is westward (275 degrees) at a fast 20 kt, but 
there is uncertainty in this estimate given that the center has 
likely just recently formed.  A strong mid-level ridge to the north 
is forecast to keep Tammy on a westward motion, but slower, over the 
next 24 hours or so.  After that, a deep-layer trough moving across 
the eastern United States is expected to push the ridge eastward, 
allowing Tammy to turn toward the northwest and then north into the 
weekend.  The track models agree on this general scenario, with 
Tammy moving over or near the Leeward Islands Friday and Saturday.  
However, there are some notable differences, with some of the 
stronger models (e.g., HWRF and GFS) showing a turn just before 
Tammy reaches the islands, while the weaker models (e.g., HAFS and 
HMON) move the storm farther west into the northeastern Caribbean 
Sea.  The initial NHC track forecast is between these two periphery 
scenarios, and is close to the ECMWF, TVCA, and HCCA solutions.  
After passing the Leeward Islands, Tammy is expected to 
accelerate northeastward over the central Atlantic ahead of the 

Global model fields and SHIPS model diagnoses suggest that Tammy may 
deal with some vertical shear, and possibly some dry air in the 
vicinity, over the next few days.  On the other hand, the storm will 
be moving over very warm waters of 29-30 degrees Celsius.  
Therefore, gradual strengthening is forecast during the next couple 
of days, with the NHC intensity prediction very close to the IVCN 
and HCCA aids.  While the forecast depicts a 55-kt tropical storm 
moving across the islands, there could be adjustments to this 
forecast once Tammy's current intensity and structure become 
clearer, and users should be prepared for possible forecast changes. 
After Tammy passes the Leeward Islands, the intensity models suggest 
that some further intensification will be possible as it accelerates 
northeastward over the central Atlantic.


1.  Tropical storm conditions are possible across portions of the 
Lesser Antilles beginning on Friday.  Tropical storm watches are 
currently in effect for Barbados, Dominica, Martinique, and 
Guadeloupe, and additional watches or warnings will likely be 
required tonight or on Thursday.

2.  Heavy rains from Tammy will begin to affect the northern 
Windward and Leeward Islands on Friday, spreading into the British 
and U.S. Virgin Islands and Puerto Rico over the weekend.  This 
rainfall may produce isolated flash and urban flooding, along with 
isolated mudslides in areas of higher terrain.


INIT  18/2100Z 13.0N  51.7W   35 KT  40 MPH
12H  19/0600Z 13.1N  53.7W   40 KT  45 MPH
24H  19/1800Z 13.5N  55.9W   50 KT  60 MPH
36H  20/0600Z 14.1N  58.2W   55 KT  65 MPH
48H  20/1800Z 15.0N  60.2W   55 KT  65 MPH
60H  21/0600Z 15.9N  61.7W   55 KT  65 MPH
72H  21/1800Z 17.5N  62.7W   55 KT  65 MPH
96H  22/1800Z 21.4N  63.4W   60 KT  70 MPH
120H  23/1800Z 26.1N  60.2W   60 KT  70 MPH

Forecaster Berg