Official Discussion issued by the National Hurricane Center

Nineteen (AL192023) DATA RELEASED: 10/11/2023 3:00:00 AM UTC

Copy of official data

Tropical Depression Nineteen Discussion Number   1
NWS National Hurricane Center Miami FL       AL192023
1100 PM AST Tue Oct 10 2023

The area of disturbed weather (AL92) that NHC has been monitoring
the past several days has acquired enough organization for the
system to be designated as a tropical depression.  Although the
ASCAT instrument has missed the system during the past day or so,
geostationary satellite imagery and an earlier SSMIS microwave
overpass suggests that the circulation has become better defined.
Subjective satellite intensity estimates from TAFB and SAB were T2.5
(35 kt), but given the loose nature of the banding, the initial
wind speed is set at 30 kt for this advisory.

Given the large and sprawling current structure of the system,
strengthening is likely to be slow to occur during the next day or
so while it remains within low to moderate shear conditions.
After that time, the cyclone is forecast to approach an upper-level
trough over the central tropical Atlantic which will likely cause an
increase in southwesterly vertical wind shear.  As a result, little
change in strength is shown during the middle portion of the
forecast period.  Late in the period, decreasing mid-level humidity
is likely to cause additional weakening.  The ECMWF and GFS models 
show the system losing convection over the weekend, whereas the 
UKMET and Canadian keep the system a tropical cyclone for longer. 
The NHC forecast shows weakening by day 4 and degeneration into a 
remnant low by day 5, but it is possible that the system loses  
tropical cyclone status sooner.

The depression is moving westward at a somewhat uncertain 11 kt. A 
mid-level ridge located to the northeast of the cyclone should 
steer it west-northwestward to northwestward through Friday.
Very late in the forecast period, a bend back toward the 
west-northwest could occur as the cyclone weakens and is steered by 
the low-level trade wind flow. The models do not differ much on 
the overall scenario, but the GFS takes a somewhat stronger system 
more poleward within the first few days, while the ECMWF is faster 
and farther west. This first NHC track on the depression lies 
close to the various consensus aids.


INIT  11/0300Z  9.7N  32.0W   30 KT  35 MPH
12H  11/1200Z 10.1N  33.7W   35 KT  40 MPH
24H  12/0000Z 10.7N  35.5W   40 KT  45 MPH
36H  12/1200Z 11.4N  37.0W   40 KT  45 MPH
48H  13/0000Z 12.2N  38.7W   40 KT  45 MPH
60H  13/1200Z 13.1N  40.1W   40 KT  45 MPH
72H  14/0000Z 14.2N  41.3W   40 KT  45 MPH
96H  15/0000Z 16.2N  43.3W   35 KT  40 MPH
120H  16/0000Z 17.5N  45.1W   30 KT  35 MPH...POST-TROP/REMNT LOW

Forecaster Brown