Official Discussion issued by the National Hurricane Center

Lee (AL132023) DATA RELEASED: 9/14/2023 9:00:00 AM UTC

Copy of official data

Hurricane Lee Discussion Number  36
NWS National Hurricane Center Miami FL       AL132023
500 AM AST Thu Sep 14 2023

Lee's satellite presentation has been a little deceiving early this 
morning, as earlier reconnaissance flight-level and dropsonde 
surface wind data indicated that the hurricane's center was located 
about 15-20 n mi to the west of the satellite eye feature.  On the 
last couple of passes of the Air Force Reserve C-130 through the 
center, the highest 700-mb wind measured was 95 kt, and peak SFMR 
readings from both the Air Force and NOAA were 70-75 kt.  Accounting 
for some undersampling, Lee's initial intensity is reduced slightly 
to 85 kt.

The initial motion remains 350/8 kt.  A faster northward motion, 
with some wobbles, is expected during the next 2-3 days as Lee 
moves between a mid-tropospheric high over the west-central Atlantic 
and a deep-layer trough over the eastern United States.  As noted 
in earlier forecasts, a slight bend to the west toward the Gulf 
of Maine is likely in 48-60 hours when Lee interacts with the tail 
end of the trough over the Mid-Atlantic states.  A turn toward the 
north-northeast and then northeast is forecast on days 3 and 4, 
bringing Lee's center across Atlantic Canada.  The NHC track 
forecast is nearly on top of the previous forecast, largely due to 
consistent and tightly clustered model guidance.

The latest shear analyses suggest that moderate southwesterly shear 
has begun to affect Lee, and this is confirmed by the offset of 
the aircraft fixes relative to the satellite eye feature.  The 
shear is forecast to increase further in 24-36 hours, which will 
cause Lee to ingest drier and more stable air into its circulation. 
In addition, sea surface temperatures along Lee's future path drop 
off significantly after 36 hours.  Therefore, continued gradual 
weakening is forecast, and the NHC intensity forecast is at or 
slightly above the intensity consensus aids for much of the 
forecast period.  Extratropical transition is likely to begin on 
Friday as Lee interacts with a frontal boundary moving off the east 
coast of the United States, and a good chunk of the guidance 
suggests the transition could be complete by 60 hours.  In order to 
maintain continuity with the previous forecast, Lee is now shown to 
be a fully post-tropical cyclone by 72 hours.  Regardless of its 
designation, Lee will remain a large and dangerous cyclone while it 
approaches eastern New England and Atlantic Canada into the weekend.


1. Tropical storm conditions, heavy rainfall, and high surf are
beginning to impact Bermuda, and a Tropical Storm Warning is in 
effect for the island.

2. Hurricane conditions and coastal flooding are possible in
portions of eastern Maine, southern New Brunswick, and western Nova
Scotia on Saturday, and a Hurricane Watch is in effect for that
area.  Heavy rainfall in these areas may produce localized urban
and small stream flooding from Friday night into Saturday night.  
Tropical storm conditions are possible elsewhere across New England 
and Atlantic Canada within the Tropical Storm Watch areas.

3. There is the potential for life-threatening storm surge flooding
in portions of southeastern Massachusetts, including Cape Cod and
Nantucket, late Friday and Saturday, where a Storm Surge Watch is 
in effect.


INIT  14/0900Z 29.1N  68.1W   85 KT 100 MPH
12H  14/1800Z 30.7N  68.2W   80 KT  90 MPH
24H  15/0600Z 33.3N  67.7W   80 KT  90 MPH
36H  15/1800Z 36.3N  66.9W   75 KT  85 MPH
48H  16/0600Z 39.5N  66.6W   70 KT  80 MPH
60H  16/1800Z 42.5N  66.7W   60 KT  70 MPH
72H  17/0600Z 45.2N  65.4W   50 KT  60 MPH...POST-TROP/EXTRATROP
96H  18/0600Z 50.2N  58.1W   40 KT  45 MPH...POST-TROP/EXTRATROP
120H  19/0600Z 54.6N  45.8W   40 KT  45 MPH...POST-TROP/EXTRATROP

Forecaster Berg