Official Discussion issued by the National Hurricane Center

Lee (AL132023) DATA RELEASED: 9/13/2023 3:00:00 AM UTC

Copy of official data

Hurricane Lee Discussion Number  31
NWS National Hurricane Center Miami FL       AL132023
1100 PM AST Tue Sep 12 2023

Geostationary satellite images show that Lee has a large eye about 
40 n mi in diameter surrounded by very cold-topped central 
convection.  There are numerous convective banding features, 
especially over the northern portion of the circulation.  The 
cirrus-level outflow pattern is fairly symmetric at this time, 
suggesting that the vertical wind shear over the system is still 
low.  The intensity estimate is held at 100 kt for this advisory, 
which is a blend of subjective and objective satellite estimates 
from TAFB, SAB, and UW/CIMSS.  The objective intensity estimates 
are generally a little higher than the subjective values.  

Lee continues to move on a generally northwestward heading, with a 
motion estimate of 320/6 kt, on the southwestern side of a 
mid-level anticyclone.  Over the next couple of days, a 500-mb 
trough moving through the eastern United States should induce a 
northward turn with some increase in forward speed.  Even though 
the predicted track has the center of the hurricane passing well to 
the west of Bermuda, Lee's very large wind field should result in 
tropical storm conditions spreading over the island by late 
Wednesday or early Thursday.  In the 3 to 4 day time frame, the 
model guidance suggests just a slight leftward bend in the track 
while Lee interacts with the trough.  There has been little change 
to the NHC forecast track, which remains close to the corrected and 
simple model consensus predictions.  After 96 hours, Lee should 
turn northeastward and east-northeastward in the mid-latitude 

Gradual weakening is anticipated during the next few days days 
while Lee moves over cooler waters and encounters high vertical 
wind shear.  However the system is likely to remain a large and 
dangerous hurricane while it approaches the coast.  If Lee moves 
faster than forecast over the colder waters north of the Gulf 
Stream, it will likely retain more of its strength when it reaches 
land.  Around 96 hours, simulated satellite imagery from the global 
models show the appearance of an extratropical cyclone with 
decreased convection and an asymmetric cloud pattern.

It should again be noted that the 34- and 50-kt wind speed 
probabilities beyond 36 hours in the text product and graphics are 
likely underestimating the risk of those winds occurring.  This is 
because the forecast wind field of Lee is considerably larger than 
average compared to the wind field used to derive the wind speed 
probability product.


1. Dangerous surf and life-threatening rip currents will affect
portions of the northern Leeward Islands, the Virgin Islands, Puerto
Rico, Hispaniola, the Turks and Caicos Islands, the Bahamas,
Bermuda, and most of the U.S East Coast through much of the week.

2. Tropical storm conditions, heavy rainfall, and high surf are 
expected to impact Bermuda beginning Wednesday night or early 
Thursday, and a Tropical Storm Warning has been issued for the 

3. It remains too soon to know what level of additional impacts Lee
might have along the northeastern U.S. coast and Atlantic Canada
late this week and this weekend.  However, since wind and rainfall
hazards will extend well away from the center as Lee grows in size,
users should continue to monitor updates to Lee's forecast during
the next several days.


INIT  13/0300Z 25.3N  66.7W  100 KT 115 MPH
12H  13/1200Z 26.1N  67.2W  100 KT 115 MPH
24H  14/0000Z 27.7N  67.8W   95 KT 110 MPH
36H  14/1200Z 29.7N  68.2W   90 KT 105 MPH
48H  15/0000Z 32.1N  67.9W   80 KT  90 MPH
60H  15/1200Z 35.0N  67.1W   75 KT  85 MPH
72H  16/0000Z 38.0N  66.6W   75 KT  85 MPH
96H  17/0000Z 44.0N  66.4W   60 KT  70 MPH...POST-TROP/EXTRATROP
120H  18/0000Z 48.5N  62.0W   40 KT  45 MPH...POST-TROP/EXTRATROP

Forecaster Pasch