Official Discussion issued by the National Hurricane Center

Lee (AL132023) DATA RELEASED: 9/9/2023 9:00:00 AM UTC

Copy of official data

Hurricane Lee Discussion Number  16
NWS National Hurricane Center Miami FL       AL132023
500 AM AST Sat Sep 09 2023

Lee seems to be recovering from the effects of the strong 
southwesterly shear.  The central dense overcast has expanded, with 
periodic bursts of deep convection and increased lightning activity 
near the center.  The most recent geostationary satellite infrared 
images even seem to be hinting a return of Lee's eye.  Overnight, 
there were multiple reports from NOAA and Air Force Reserve 
Hurricane Hunter aircraft of mesovorticies orbiting the closed, 
elliptical eyewall.  Due to safety considerations, the aircraft were 
unable, at times, to penetrate the eyewall and thus, we have no new 
in-situ information about the intensity or minimum central 
pressure.  The initial intensity is held at a somewhat uncertain 
100 kt and NOAA and Air Force Reserve missions are scheduled to 
investigate Lee later this morning.

Confidence in the intensity forecast remains low.  Global models 
suggest that Lee could be affected by strong-to-moderate 
southwesterly shear for at least the next day, though the European 
global model shows strong upper-level winds near the hurricane for 
the entire forecast period.  The statistical and consensus intensity 
aids predict Lee could briefly weaken in the short-term, before 
restrengthening in about 12-24 hours.  Only minor adjustments have 
been made to the latest NHC intensity forecast, which generally lies 
between the simple and corrected consensus intensity aids. 
Regardless of the details, it is likely that Lee will continue to be 
a dangerous hurricane through the entire forecast period.

Lee is moving west-northwestward at 295/10 kt.  The hurricane is 
situated to the south of a mid-level ridge that is predicted to 
build westward and southwestward during the next few days.  This 
steering pattern is expected to keep Lee on a west-northwestward 
trajectory with a slower forward speed.  By next Wednesday, the 
hurricane should gradually turn to the northwest and 
north-northwest in the flow between a trough over the eastern 
United States and the southwestern edge of the ridge.  While the 
model guidance is in good agreement about the general synoptic 
setup, there remain differences in how far west Lee will move 
before it makes the turn.  The latest NHC track forecast is very 
similar to the previous predictions and lies just to the south of 
the various track consensus aids.


1. Lee's core is expected to move well north of the northern
Leeward Islands, the Virgin Islands, and Puerto Rico this weekend
and early next week.

2. Dangerous surf and life-threatening rip currents are affecting
portions of the northern Leeward Islands.  These conditions
will spread westward and northward, affecting Puerto Rico,
Hispaniola, the Turks and Caicos, the Bahamas, and Bermuda
through the weekend.

3. It is way too soon to know what level of impacts, if any, Lee
might have along the U.S. East Coast, Atlantic Canada, or Bermuda
late next week, particularly since the hurricane is expected to
slow down considerably over the southwestern Atlantic.  Regardless,
dangerous surf and rip currents are expected along most of the U.S.
East Coast beginning Sunday and Monday.  Continue to monitor
updates to Lee's forecast during the next several days.


INIT  09/0900Z 19.7N  57.4W  100 KT 115 MPH
12H  09/1800Z 20.4N  58.7W   95 KT 110 MPH
24H  10/0600Z 21.2N  60.1W   95 KT 110 MPH
36H  10/1800Z 21.8N  61.4W  105 KT 120 MPH
48H  11/0600Z 22.4N  62.6W  115 KT 130 MPH
60H  11/1800Z 22.8N  63.7W  120 KT 140 MPH
72H  12/0600Z 23.2N  64.8W  120 KT 140 MPH
96H  13/0600Z 23.9N  66.8W  115 KT 130 MPH
120H  14/0600Z 25.7N  67.8W  105 KT 120 MPH

Forecaster Bucci