Official Discussion issued by the National Hurricane Center

Three (AL032023) DATA RELEASED: 6/19/2023 3:00:00 PM UTC

Copy of official data

Tropical Depression Three Discussion Number   1
NWS National Hurricane Center Miami FL       AL032023
1100 AM AST Mon Jun 19 2023

Satellite images indicate that the tropical wave over the central 
Atlantic has become better organized this morning.  GOES-16 1-min 
visible imagery shows that the center has become well defined near 
a developing central dense overcast with prominent convective 
banding in the northern semicircle.  The initial intensity is set to 
30 kt, based on Dvorak estimates from SAB and TAFB, and recent 
satellite trends indicate this system is close to tropical-storm 

The initial motion estimate is 275/18 kt, a bit uncertain because 
the center has just recently become trackable.  A large ridge of 
high pressure over the central Atlantic Ocean is forecast to cause 
the depression to move westward over the next several days. As the 
system nears the Lesser Antilles late this week, the ridge should 
weaken, causing the system to move more toward the west-northwest.  
However, there is considerable uncertainty in how much of a right 
turn could occur because it is somewhat tied to the intensity of the 
cyclone.  A stronger system would tend to move more to the right due 
to the upper-level flow, while a weaker system would continue more 
westward into the Caribbean.  For now, this forecast lies near the 
model consensus, and adjustments are likely in future advisories.  
This should be considered a low confidence track forecast since 
this type of forecast situation can result in large errors.

Environmental conditions appear conducive for strengthening over 
the next few days, with a much warmer than normal ocean in the 
depression's path, along with plentiful mid-level moisture and 
light shear.  This should promote strengthening through midweek.  
However, vertical wind shear is forecast to increase by most of the 
model guidance around day 3 in response to an upper-level trough.  
Thus the NHC forecast shows the intensity leveling off at the end 
of the forecast, consistent with the middle of the guidance 
envelope.  This intensity forecast is also more uncertain than 
normal, due to the differences in the model suite, along with the 
aclimatological nature of this system. 


1. The depression is forecast to strengthen and move across the 
Lesser Antilles as a hurricane on Thursday and Friday, bringing a 
risk of flooding from heavy rainfall, hurricane-force winds, and 
dangerous storm surge and waves. 

2. Given the larger than usual uncertainty in the track forecast, 
it is too early to specify the location and magnitude of where 
these hazards could occur. However, everyone in the Lesser 
Antilles, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands should closely monitor 
updates to the forecast for this system and have their hurricane 
plan in place. 


INIT  19/1500Z 11.0N  40.3W   30 KT  35 MPH
12H  20/0000Z 11.2N  42.9W   40 KT  45 MPH
24H  20/1200Z 11.7N  45.9W   45 KT  50 MPH
36H  21/0000Z 12.2N  48.6W   55 KT  65 MPH
48H  21/1200Z 12.8N  51.2W   60 KT  70 MPH
60H  22/0000Z 13.3N  53.9W   65 KT  75 MPH
72H  22/1200Z 13.8N  56.3W   70 KT  80 MPH
96H  23/1200Z 14.9N  61.5W   70 KT  80 MPH
120H  24/1200Z 16.5N  66.5W   65 KT  75 MPH

Forecaster Blake/Kelly